3. Go to hell
It would seem that everything is simple here, but in books and dictionaries published before the middle of the 20th century, there is usually a variant with “o” – “to hell with it!” Only after the adoption of the Rules of Russian Spelling and Punctuation in 1956 was the spelling of this abusive word through “ё” fixed, and now it obeys the rule known to everyone from elementary school: in the root after hissing under stress, “ё” is written, not “o”. By the way, the same thing happened with the word “acorn” – earlier it was also written through “o”. And today – what the hell are acorns?
This offensive word is spelled with an unstressed “e” and nothing else, because it comes from the Latin debilis – “weak”, “weak”. Once it was completely neutral and was used only in the medical environment to refer to patients suffering from a mild degree of mental retardation, but today it has gone beyond a purely professional framework, has acquired a negative connotation and has become used in relation to stupid, slow-witted people.
Through “e” the word “nerd”, borrowed from the French, is also written. From the original language, cretin is now translated as “stupid, blockhead, jerk, simpleton,” but once this term was also a medical diagnosis – the name of people with a delay in physical and mental development caused by a lack of thyroid hormones. The word appeared in the French Alps, whose inhabitants suffered from a lack of iodine, and in the local dialect cretin sounded harmless and meant “Christian” (from the Latin christianus) – something like our “wretched”, “God's man”. 10 words popular with modern children. Do you know what they mean?
An expressive interjection expressing extreme surprise, bewilderment or even indignation should be written with a hyphen. This veiled curse consists of two parts: the first letter of an obscene expression similar in meaning and a consonant “decent” continuation. The logic is something like this: in a fit of anger, annoyance or amazement, a person will shout out the first letter of many Russian curses, and when he comes to his senses, he will say something decent in rhyme. Many other substitutes for rough vocabulary also begin with “yo”: ёprst, Christmas trees, sticks, Yoshkin’s cat, and even the opera theater.