This is a traditional women's dress without sleeves, which differed in cut and fabrics. The first mention of a sarafan is found in the Nikon chronicle of 1376. These outfits consisted of many details, which made them very heavy. During the time of Peter the Great, sundresses lost a lot of status: they began to be considered the outfit of merchants' daughters and commoners. Surprisingly, but true: in Russia there are 7 cheap cosmetics that are torn off with hands abroad.
Shirt with a slanting collar, a slit in the middle and a belt. The first mention of this men's clothing dates back to the 15th century. Kosovorotkas were widely used in civilian life, as well as underwear for soldiers. Depending on the richness of the finish, the ancestors of modern shirts could be both casual and festive. Academician Likhachev believes that the cut on the kosovorotka was on the side, and not in the middle, so that the pectoral cross would not fall out. Kosovorotkas were of different types and could have different names depending on the purpose. So, in the first days of the harvest, men put on a braid, and before the wedding, the girls had to wear a killer for a week, in which they were supposed to mourn their youth and prepare for adulthood.
4. Sheepskin coat
This long and unclothed fur coat was made, as a rule, from sheepskin, but sometimes from raccoon, fox or ferret. This is the most common winter clothing in Rus', which was recognized first by the poor, and then by the nobility. Its popularity is due to the availability of sheepskin. In some regions, sheepskin coats were called casings.
5. Bast shoes
Light low shoes woven from birch bark or bast, which were popular until the 30s of the 20th century. Bast shoes were extremely cheap due to the availability of material, ease of manufacture and fragility, and one of the first mentions of the progenitor of modern ballet shoes is found in The Tale of Bygone Years. They were worn at home or outside in warm, dry weather. Weaving depended on the region and could be either straight or oblique. During the Civil War, most of the Red Army was shod in bast shoes.
Long upper men's dress, which appeared, according to written sources, in the 15th century. The attire was a swing dress of a free or fitted cut, tied with ribbons or fastened with buttons. The standard length of the caftan is up to the ankles, and if the clothes ended at the knees, it was already a semi-caftan. The word “caftan” is of Turkic origin and comes from “kaptau”, which means “to cover”.
As a rule, caftans were blue or gray and were sewn from linen or cotton fabric. More expensive varieties were made from satin, cloth, velvet and taffeta. f550x700/34/6g/346gv559d6g4owkgko0cs8ocw.jpg” media=”(max-width: 549px)”>