Health without borders: we collect a first-aid kit on a trip

Health without borders: packing a first aid kit for a trip

Health without borders: collecting a first aid kit on travel Anastasia Lebedeva

    Health without borders: packing a first aid kit on a trip

    Jellyfish are found in coastal waters, exotic flora threatens allergy sufferers – but you never know what can happen away from home. In order not to be caught off guard and not to run headlong to the nearest pharmacy, we recommend that you prepare a first aid kit in advance. And here's what to put in it

    Vacation is a time of relaxation and pleasure, when you don’t want to think about injuries, illnesses and other troubles at all. But sometimes you can’t hide from annoying force majeure even beyond the seven seas, because the midday sun is ruthless, acclimatization is fraught with fever and weakness, and gourmet experiments – indigestion. Jellyfish are found in coastal waters, exotic flora threatens allergy sufferers – but you never know what can happen away from home. In order not to be caught off guard and not to run headlong to the nearest pharmacy, we recommend that you prepare a first aid kit in advance. And here's what to put in it.

    Antipyretics

    Adapting to a new climate and time zone, the body is very capricious: fever, chills, headache, sore throat, loss of energy are typical symptoms that can overshadow the rest. If the thermometer has risen above +38 ° C (and we are not talking about the air in sultry Antalya), it is better to take an antipyretic: for adults, Paracetamol, Ibuklin, Voltaren are suitable, for children – more sparing Panadol or Maxicold “. If the temperature has risen slightly, in order to avoid side reactions, it should not be knocked down. Therefore, in the first-aid kit there should also be a thermometer, and preferably not a mercury one, but an electronic one.

    Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs

    Anything can get sick: a tooth, a head, a lower abdomen, muscles tired from excursions to the endless sights of Greece. In order to return to duty as soon as possible, we advise you to drink a proven painkiller. “Citramon” and “Analgin” are universal classics, but there are also targeted drugs: “Diclofenac” for bruises of soft tissues and joints, “Nurofen” for headache and toothache, “Ibuprofen” or “Ketoprofen” for PMS, “Validol” or “Nitroglycerin” for angina and heart pain.

    For sore throat and runny nose

    If the temperature is normal, and the cough and runny nose are still right there, sprays, drops, powders and lozenges will help. For example, the good old “Nafthyzin” relieves congestion, dries and allows you to breathe again with a clean nose. Ambroxol is used for dry cough, Septolet with menthol and mint kills pathogenic bacteria – a little more, and you can sing karaoke in Dubai clubs. If sea water or a grain of sand gets into your eyes, pain, burning, redness, swelling and hail of tears appear, you need to urgently grab drops: antibacterial, antiallergic, vasoconstrictor or anti-inflammatory.

    Antibiotics

    Antibiotics are serious drugs that should be used only on the recommendation of a doctor. But if somewhere in the Crimea an infection mercilessly knocks you down, most tourists turn to heavy medical artillery at their own peril and risk. The main thing is to choose reliable drugs (Amoxiclav, Tetracycline, Clarithromycin, etc.) and strictly follow the instructions, then in a couple of days there is a chance to get on water skis and conquer Ai-Petri. When planning a trip, do not neglect the insurance policy: it is simple, inexpensive and can save you a lot of time and money. It is recommended to take out insurance “Subtleties” here.

    Antiallergic

    Who knows what exactly can trigger an allergy: an outlandish fruit in Goa, an unknown insect bite in Kenya, or pollen from an endemic flower off the coast of the Amazon. At best, itching, a rash and a slight headache await, at worst, a sharp jump in pressure, loss of consciousness and a threat to life. In general, without anti-allergic anywhere: “Diazolin”, “Suprastin”, “Loratadin”, “Fenkarol” – the range is wide, the effectiveness has been proven. As a first aid kit, it is better to use a thermal bag so that the medicines do not heat up even under the sun.

    For gastrointestinal disorders

    A generous buffet in hotels in Egypt, bursting stalls in the markets of Bangkok, freshly caught abundance in restaurants in Italy – so tempting, you can’t resist. It is no wonder that indigestion is one of the most common travel problems. The main assistant is activated carbon, which takes the blows from toxins, bacteria and other harmful substances. “Loperamide” and “Furazolidone” save from diarrhea, “Drotaverine” and “Papaverine” from spasmodic pain in the abdomen, “Mezim” improves digestion, and “Linex” normalizes the microflora. In airplanes, buses and on water modes of transport, even persistent tin soldiers often get sick. Vertigoheel, Dramina or Aeron will relieve nausea, vomiting and dizziness.

    To treat wounds

    Scratches, abrasions and calluses are not as harmless as they might seem: insidious infections strive to penetrate the body through an open wound. Therefore, in the first-aid kit there should always be a sterile bandage (wipe, bandage, stop the blood), a band-aid, 3% hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine and iodine. If sea water gets into the ear, boric alcohol will eliminate the discomfort.

    Sunscreen

    It’s probably not worth recalling creams, oils and sprays with SPF: on the beaches of Spain and Tunisia, on the slopes of the Swiss Alps or the domestic Arkhyz, they are an absolute must-have. But if it was not possible to avoid burns, Panthenol is useful, which relieves inflammation, improves metabolism in tissues and restores the skin. Being in the sun for too long can cause heat stroke, which is accompanied by weakness, dizziness, nausea, and other unpleasant symptoms. First aid – ammonia, a towel soaked in cold water, a cooling bag and Regidron or Oralit, which replenish the loss of electrolytes.

    Repellants

    In Sochi and Cyprus, in Abkhazia and the Moscow region, annoying winged bloodsuckers are everywhere. Fortunately, there are plenty of creams, lotions and gels in pharmacies to repel insects. “Moskill”, “Moskidoz”, “Gardeks” and other products are best applied to the skin before evening walks near forests and reservoirs, and turn on the “Fumigator” at night in a hotel room. Not only insects, but also jellyfish lie in wait at the resorts. If, after contact with them, the skin hurts, burns, itches and swells, you need to clean the affected area with a cotton swab dipped in salt water, apply a sterile bandage and contact the first-aid post. Additionally, you will need antiallergic and painkillers.

    Useful little things

    When you lose consciousness, you need ammonia: just bring it to your nose, and it will restore breathing and activate the central nervous system. With cramps and spasms in the legs caused by circulatory disorders or hypothermia, an ordinary pin will help: one prick over the muscle and it will gradually relax. Pipette, tweezers, nail scissors, cotton pads and sticks, hydrogen peroxide, bactericidal plaster, sterile and alcohol wipes – these and other important little things will help you meet any force majeure fully armed.

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