How debtors were punished
In medieval Europe, the debtor was tied to a pillory and flogged. The offender was recommended to shout as loudly as possible so that his relatives would take pity and pay the debt. If the cries did not help, the poor fellow fell into a debt hole. At the same time, the creditor himself paid for the maintenance of the prisoner, which did not please him at all, because it was possible to spend more than one decade on the bunk in this way. Therefore, over time, prisoners began to be sent to hard labor.
Sometimes not only the debtor, but also his entire family was imprisoned: it is not surprising that the medieval casemates were overcrowded.
However, certain rules were in effect even then: the malicious defaulters of England of the 16th century fell into the dungeons only if they were grabbed on the street: it was impossible to break into the house of the debtor. Medieval justice: how the poor were punished and how the rich were punished.
Loan loan strife
Except ordinary loans were also loans marine. In the first case, the borrower was liable with all his property, but the interest was limited by law. In the second, the loan was used to organize a maritime trade voyage. If the expedition turned out to be profitable, the creditor received his money after the sale of goods. If the ship sank or was robbed by pirates, the usurer was left with nothing. Since such ventures were extremely risky, the interest on sea loans was not limited.
What else to read on the topic
- Old Russian feast: what they ate in the royal mansions and poor huts of that time
- 8 amazing facts about how they lived in Rus' before Christianity
- The disgusting Middle Ages: what did they eat at rich feasts and in poor shacks then
And what about Rus'?
The debt of a negligent borrower his relative or serf could work out if representatives of the upper class found themselves in a financial stalemate.
Typical debtors of the Middle Ages
There is nothing new here: most often, lovers of gambling and a beautiful life, inept (or simply unlucky) entrepreneurs, and simply poor people who fell into a difficult situation fell into a debt hole . And there were cases when the prison became an instrument of an insidious plan: the usurer cleared the way to the heart of a married lady he liked, sending her faithful to the dungeons for debts.